Gay men limited as blood donors for Orlando club victims

In December, the Food and Drug Administration lifted a three-decade-old ban on blood donations from gay and bisexual men. But the lifetime ban was replaced with a new policy barring donations from men who have had sex with a man in the previous year.

MIAMI | Hundreds lined up to give blood Sunday in Orlando to help the victims of the massacre at a gay nightclub, but major restrictions remain for gay men wanting to give blood themselves.

The response overwhelmed OneBlood donation centers, where officials asked donors to make appointments and continue donating over the next several days. Over 50 people were injured and 50 were killed when a gunman opened fire early Sunday inside the downtown Orlando club Pulse.

While many Facebook and Twitter posts from individuals and at least one gay advocacy group in Florida said no one would be turned away and all blood would be screened, OneBlood denied any change in policy.

“All FDA guidelines remain in effect for blood donation. There are false reports circulating that FDA rules were being lifted. Not true,” OneBlood tweeted.

At Least 50 Dead In Mass Shooting At Gay Nightclub In Orlando

Orlando resident Rob Spatz gives blood as phlebotomist Nicole Copeland tends to him at OneBlood Blood Donation Center in Orlando, Fla., Sunday, June 12, 2016. A gunman opened fire inside the gay nightclub early Sunday, killing at least 50 people before dying in a gunfight with SWAT officers, police said. (Loren Elliott/Tampa Bay Times via AP)

Nightclub Shooting Florida

Potential blood donors line up outside the oneblood facility on Beach Blvd. In Jacksonville, Fla., Sunday, June 12, 2016, to help the victims from the shooting at a nightclub in Orlando. A gunman wielding an assault-type rifle and a handgun opened fire inside a gay nightclub early Sunday, killing at least 50 people before dying in a gunfight with SWAT officers, police said. It was the worst mass shooting in American history. (Bob Self/The Florida Times-Union via AP) MANDATORY CREDIT

Nightclub Shooting Florida

Hundreds of volunteers line up to donate blood at OneBlood Center after the late night shooting at Pulse, an Orlando night club, on Sunday, June 12, 2016 in Orlando. A gunman wielding an assault-type rifle and a handgun opened fire inside a crowded Florida nightclub before dying in a gunfight with SWAT officers, police say. The attack left at least 50 people dead, making it the worst mass shooting in American history. (Zack Wittman/Tampa Bay Times via AP)

In December, the Food and Drug Administration lifted a three-decade-old ban on blood donations from gay and bisexual men. But the lifetime ban was replaced with a new policy barring donations from men who have had sex with a man in the previous year.

The new policy brought the U.S. in line with Australia, Japan, the U.K. and other countries, and researchers said it could slightly increase the U.S. blood supply. Gay rights activists said it still perpetuated negative stereotypes dating to the beginning of the AIDS crisis.

Messages left Sunday for OneBlood and FDA officials were not immediately returned.

In a tweet, Pulse staff encouraged donations of water, juice and snacks for people waiting in long lines to donate blood in Orlando.

According to the American Red Cross, roughly 38 percent of the U.S. population is eligible to donate blood at any given time, but less than 10 percent of those people actually do so each year.

All U.S. blood donations are screened for HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The Zika virus has been a more immediate concern, and the FDA asks people to put off donating blood if they have been to outbreak areas, show symptoms of a Zika infection or have had sexual contact with someone exposed to that virus.

In Florida, the risk of a potential Zika virus outbreak has prompted some blood banks to seek more donations to stock up on blood supplies before anyone in the state contracts the Zika virus from local mosquitoes.

OneBlood joined other blood banks in shipping blood products from the continental U.S. to Puerto Rico because of a Zika virus outbreak on the Caribbean island that disrupted blood collections there.

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